El Salvador


Multi-dimensional Review of El Salvador

Strategic Priorities for Robust, Inclusive and Sustainable Development

El Salvador has made significant development progress in the past 30 years. The end of the civil war in 1992 marked the establishment of a liberal democracy and an open export-led development model, which led to a reduction in poverty and inequality. However, with economic growth averaging a modest 2.4% in the years before the COVID-19 pandemic, and productivity growth of 0.1% over the past decade, the post-war model has not generated the economic momentum or the jobs that the country needs. Decisive action is necessary to kickstart more robust, inclusive and sustainable development. Based on a multi-dimensional analysis of development in El Salvador, this report makes four priority recommendations: 1) build the conditions for a productive transformation and modernisation of the economy; 2) increase the quantity, quality and relevance of education; 3) manage water resources better to deliver water and sanitation for all in a sustainable manner; and 4) modernise the State so it can effectively deliver key public goods, from security to education to health, and successfully steer the next stage in the country’s development.

Published on April 18, 2023Also available in: Spanish

In series:OECD Development Pathwaysview more titles


Reader’s guide
Facts and figures of El Salvador
Executive summary
Overview: Obstacles, opportunities and priorities for development in El Salvador
Initial Assessment1 chapter available
Multi-dimensional analysis of development in El Salvador
Strategic recommendations6 chapters available
El Salvador needs a productive transformation to overcome its development challenges
Overcoming cross-cutting obstacles to competitiveness and productivity growth in El Salvador
Policies to accelerate El Salvador’s productive transformation
Water management and water and sanitation for all in El Salvador
Education and skills formation for development in El Salvador
Towards sound public governance in El Salvador
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