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  • 13-March-2024


    Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2024 - An OECD Scoreboard

    Since 2020, a series of shocks to the global economy has had significant impacts on small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and entrepreneurs and their access to finance. Most recently, significant inflationary pressures have led to tighter lending conditions, limiting the flow of finance to SMEs and acting as a barrier to investment. Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2024: An OECD Scoreboard monitors SME and entrepreneurship financing trends, conditions and policy developments in close to 50 countries. It documents a strong increase in the cost of SME financing in 2022, alongside a significant decline in SME lending. Equity finance also fell sharply in 2022, after a year of historically high growth in 2021. Women-led and minority-owned businesses, which typically find it more difficult to access venture capital financing, were affected disproportionately. Against this backdrop, the Scoreboard highlights the recent measures governments have taken to support SME access to finance, including finance for the green transition. A continued focus on diversifying financial sources and instruments will be important to meet the different needs of all types of SMEs and entrepreneurs, and enable them to act as an engine of resilient, sustainable and inclusive growth.
  • 22-novembre-2023


    Mesurer l'Économie Mondiale : Lancement des Nouvelles Données TIES-TiVA

    Le 22 novembre 2023, l'OCDE présente la dernière édition des bases de données TIES et TiVA en donnant un aperçu de l'utilité majeure de ces données en matière d'analyse et de décision politique.

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  • 28-juin-2023


    Il est essentiel de renforcer les PME et les entrepreneurs pour bâtir une économie solide et résiliente

    Les ministres chargés des petites et moyennes entreprises (PME) et de l'entrepreneuriat ont approuvé une nouvelle Déclaration de l'OCDE visant à renforcer les politiques en faveur des entreprises nouvelles et petites, en leur donnant les moyens de tirer pleinement parti de leur potentiel dans le cadre d’efforts plus vastes destinés à bâtir une économie mondiale plus résiliente et plus écologique et d’avantage tournée vers le numérique.

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  • 7-December-2022


    Quantifying industrial strategies (QuIS) - Measuring industrial policy expenditures

    Industrial policy is sparking renewed interest across OECD member countries and partner economies. However, amidst an increasing number of objectives for industrial policy, and despite the availability of information on countries’ strategies and plans, it remains difficult to properly measure and compare resources spent on industrial policies and identify countries’ strategic priorities. The lack of a cross-country comparable source of information on resources dedicated to industrial policy partly results from the absence of a common methodology to account for industrial policy expenditures. This paper provides a new methodology for reporting industrial policy expenditure in a comparable way across countries. It is the first deliverable of the 'Quantifying Industrial Strategies' project, which aims at measuring industrial policy expenditures across OECD countries and will gather harmonised data on industrial policy expenditures, their composition, and their mode of delivery.
  • 4-October-2022


    Current crises underline the need for Germany to overhaul innovation policy to ensure its industries remain competitive, says OECD

    Germany needs to adopt a more agile, risk-tolerant and experimental approach to innovation policy if it is to continue to lead in its historical core industries such as automotive manufacturing, machinery, chemicals and pharmaceuticals, and be a champion of the industries of tomorrow, according to a new OECD report.

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  • 15-September-2022


    Earth’s Orbits at Risk - The Economics of Space Sustainability

    Society’s dependence on space infrastructure is at a critical juncture. Public and private actors worldwide are planning to launch tens of thousands of satellites into Earth’s orbit in the next five years. This will greatly expand and enrich the use of space resources, but it will also result in more crowded orbits and greater risk of damage from satellite collision and space debris. As satellite launches continue to multiply and concerns grow, the long-term sustainability of space-based infrastructure on orbit and beyond is set to emerge as an increasingly important space policy issue of the 21st century. This publication takes stock of the growing socio-economic dependence of our modern societies on space assets, and the general threats to space-based infrastructure from debris in particular. Notably, it provides fresh insights into the value of space-based infrastructure and the potential costs generated by space debris, drawing on new academic research developed especially for the OECD project on the economics of space sustainability.
  • 12-July-2022


    OECD Handbook on Measuring the Space Economy, 2nd Edition

    Much has changed in the space economy over the past decade, with an ever-growing number of countries and business enterprises involved in space activities. Despite progress made in the quality and availability of data, the international comparability of space economy statistics remains limited. A decade after its first publication, it is therefore time to provide an up-to-date revision of the OECD Handbook on Measuring the Space Economy to reflect the changing landscape of space activities, space technologies and subsequent evolving user needs. This new edition aims to encourage and facilitate data collection among both incumbents and new actors involved in space activities, respond to the needs of the public agencies that still fund the bulk of space programmes, and support industry and private decision-takers who will also benefit from improved statistics on the space economy.
  • 3-juin-2022


    Selon l’OCDE, les déchets plastiques produits au niveau planétaire devraient presque tripler d’ici 2060

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, au rythme actuel, la quantité de déchets plastiques produits dans le monde triplera d’ici 2060, dont environ la moitié finira en décharge et moins d’un cinquième sera recyclé.

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  • 29-mars-2022


    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE, les prêts aux PME ont atteint de nouveaux sommets pendant la pandémie et les petites entreprises subissent de nouvelles pressions à l’heure du redémarrage de l’économie

    Selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE intitulé Le financement des PME et des entrepreneurs 2022 : Tableau de bord de l’OCDE, l’encours des prêts aux PME a nettement augmenté pendant la première année de la pandémie.Ainsi, l’encours médian des prêts aux PME a progressé de 4.9 %, soit la plus forte croissance enregistrée depuis la création du Tableau de bord de l’OCDE, il y a 10 ans.

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  • 15-March-2022


    Closing the Italian digital gap - The role of skills, intangibles and policies

    The study identifies the main factors that affect the diffusion of digital technologies and their returns among Italian firms, highlighting the crucial role of public policies. It uses a unique data infrastructure that integrates information on digital technology adoption, firm performance, and workers’ and managers’ skills. The analysis shows that the low digitalisation of Italian firms, especially of SMEs, can be traced back to the low levels of three factors: i) workers’ skills, ii) management capabilities, and iii) accumulation of intangible assets. These factors are also crucial to maximise the effectiveness of public policies supporting firm digitalisation, such as the deployment of broadband infrastructure and fiscal incentives to investments in digital technologies. Finally, the analysis shows that the COVID-19 crisis contributed to further widening the digital gap between Italian firms, favouring ex-ante more digitalised companies, suggesting that public policies play a crucial role for the post-COVID-19 recovery.
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